What Does Congress Do? | Scholastic
"Most people in Congress are hardworking and cooperative. The House and Senate meet separately in the same building, The Capitol in Washington, D.C. Since the Senate's initial meeting in March it has occupied numerous Located in Federal Hall, just north of Battery on Wall Street, Congress would. 5 days ago Committee Hearings & Meetings Schedule - Senate resource calendars when they speak of bills or nominations that are "on the calendar.".
Joint Sessions typically are reserved to hear an address from the President of the United States or to count presidential electoral votes as specified by the U. Constitution Article I, section 1; 12th Amendment. On January 6,two Joint Sessions were held the same day: The Speaker of the House of Representatives usually presides over Joint Sessions and Joint Meetings; however, the President of the Senate presides over Joint Sessions where the electoral votes are counted, as required by the Constitution Article I, section 1; 12th Amendment.
For the first decade of the national government Presidents appeared in person before a Joint Session of Congress to deliver their annual messages. Beginning with Thomas Jefferson inPresidents sent the Annual Message in writing to be read by House clerks and Senate secretaries respectively. The electoral count has taken place without problems save for the disputed electoral votes challenged in when a special Electoral Commission made up of Representatives, Senators, and Supreme Court Justices reviewed the disputed ballots.
Congress has hosted inaugurations since the first occasion in Inaugurations have always have been formal joint gatherings, and sometimes they also were joint sessions. Inaugurations were Joint Sessions when both houses of Congress were in session, and they processed to the ceremony as part of the business of the day.
In many cases, however, one or both houses were not in session or were in recess at the time of the ceremony.
U.S. Senate: Senate Meeting Places
In this table, inaugurations that were not Joint Sessions are listed in the second column. Those that were Joint Sessions are so identified and described in the third column. Indonesian President Sukarno addresses Congress in Pope Francis addresses Congress in Joint meetings have been held more than a hundred times to enable foreign heads of state or heads of government to address Congress.
Leaders of 48 countries have addressed Congress at a joint meeting: France leads the list with nine joint meeting addresses by heads of state or dignitaries. Other leading countries are: John HowardPrime Minister of Australiahad originally been scheduled to address Congress on September 12,but his address was postponed due to the September 11 terrorist attacks the previous day.
Howard's address was rescheduled for June 12, where he spoke about the attacks he had witnessed 9 months earlier. Howard was acknowledged with a standing ovation and describes the occasion as a "moving moment. The Pope did not address the joint session as a religious dignitary but as a head of state.
Joint session of the United States Congress
Presidential addresses[ edit ] In addition to a State of the Union address, presidents address Congress on specific subjects. The first such speech was delivered by John Adams on the subject of U. The most popular subjects for such addresses are economicmilitary and foreign policy issues.
In addition to bringing back the tradition of delivering a State of Union address, Woodrow Wilson was the first president since John Adams to address Congress on specific topics. He delivered 17 such speeches, more than any other president. Military leaders[ edit ] Closing words of MacArthur's final address to a joint meeting of Congress Joint meetings are sometimes called to hear addresses by generalsadmiralsor other military leaders.
Perhaps the most notable example is Douglas MacArthur's farewell address to Congress. In concluding the speech he recalled an old army song which contained the line "old soldiers never die; they just fade away". He then said, "And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty.
Inaugurations of vice presidents[ edit ] Vice Presidents who are appointed under the 25th amendment are sworn in before a Joint Session of Congress. This was only tested once, on December 6,when Gerald Ford was sworn in.
First, the Speaker of the House certified that both houses had confirmed his nomination, and then Chief Justice Warren Burger gave him the oath of office. He was then introduced to both houses by the Speaker and gave his inaugural address. Astronauts[ edit ] Six times in the first years of the Space AgeCongress jointly met to be addressed by astronauts after their trips in space. Memorials[ edit ] Nine times, Congress has jointly met to hold a memorial service for a deceased president or former president.
Anniversaries[ edit ] Congress sometimes meets to mark the anniversary of a historical event or of a presidential birthday.
The first such occasion was the centennial of George Washington's first inauguration in