Clown fish and anemones symbiotic relationship

Clownfish Biology

clown fish and anemones symbiotic relationship

One of the most well known marine symbiotic relationships is between the clownfish, a small, brightly colored fish, and the sea anemone. The relationship between the sea anemone and clownfish allows the Symbiosis between the two species is achieved in a variety of ways. The clownfish and the anemone—their relationship has captivated home aquarists since the s, when improvements in the shipping of fish and in tank .

Before we get into the details of the clownfish and sea anemone, let's look at the different types of symbiotic relationships.

A symbiotic relationship where one species benefits and one is unaffected is known as commensalism. When one species benefits and the other is harmed, it's known as parasitism.

Clownfish and its mutualism relationship with anemones

Finally, in the case of the sea anemone and the clownfish, both species benefit. This type of relationship is called mutualism. Clownfish and Sea Anemones Clownfish and sea anemones both live in saltwater habitats.

clown fish and anemones symbiotic relationship

There are numerous species of clownfish, and they come in a variety of colors from orange to black. Their colorful appearance kind of looks like a clown's face paint, so it's no wonder they got the name clownfish. Common clownfish Sea anemones look likes plants, but they're actually a predatory animal that belongs in the same phylum as coral and jellyfish.

clown fish and anemones symbiotic relationship

They are the only fish that do not get stung by the tentacles of the sea anemone. Clownfish have a slimy mucus covering that protects them from the sea anemone.

Clownfish & Sea Anemones: A Symbiotic Relationship

However, if this covering is wiped off of a clownfish, it will get stung and possibly be killed when it returns home to the anemone. The clownfish and the sea anemone help each other survive in the ocean. The clownfish, while being provided with food, cleans away fish and algae leftovers from the anemone.

In addition, the sea anemones are given better water circulation because the clownfish fan their fins while swimming about. The clown fish and the sea anemone have a mutual relationship with one another: Clown fish also provide the sea anemone with its excrement which makes up a large portion of the sea anemone diet alone.

Sea Anemone and Clownfish relationship Commensalism - Future Tech Report

Also, the clown fish aid the sea anemone by using their bright colored gills to lure fish and other organisms into the sea anemone so the anemone can capture the lured prey. Finally, the sea anemones profit from the clown fish by getting better water circulation throughout their whole body because the clown fish are constantly swimming throughout their tentacles. At the same time, the sea anemone provides the clown fish with protection against predators using its stinging tentacles. The sea anemone also provides the clown fish with a substrate in which the clown fish can lay their eggs and be protected.

The sea anemone and clownfish are a great example of mutualism, meaning both species benefit from having the other around. The anemone protects the clownfish by concealing it within its poisonous arms, as well as leaving scraps of its meals for the clownfish to consume.

clown fish and anemones symbiotic relationship

Clownfish eat the leftovers from fish on the anemone and algae. The leftovers include copepods, isopods and zooplankton. Clownfish have a few ocean predators, but their greatest threat is humans.

People who catch clownfish and keep them as pets in aquariums are making a mistake. There are only ten out of more than one thousand types of anemone that are able to host these fish. Many people put the fish in a tank with the wrong anemone.

clown fish and anemones symbiotic relationship

In captivity, the clownfish can live from 3 to 5 years. In the wild, they live 6 to 10 years. Symbiosis describes the special relationship between clownfish and sea anemones. They are the only fish that do not get stung by the tentacles of the sea anemone.

Clownfish have a slimy mucus covering that protects them from the sea anemone. However, if this covering is wiped off of a clownfish, it will get stung and possibly be killed when it returns home to the anemone. The clownfish and the sea anemone help each other survive in the ocean. The clownfish, while being provided with food, cleans away fish and algae leftovers from the anemone.

In addition, the sea anemones are given better water circulation because the clownfish fan their fins while swimming about. Clownfish live at the bottom of the sea in sheltered reefs or in shallow lagoons, usually in pairs.

Clownfish have a special relationship with the anemone and are very important to them. They are a large help to the anemone as they clean the anemone by eating the algae and other food leftovers on them.