The other two, Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot, went to Europe as young men out The two issues of Blast established Lewis as a major figure: as a .. To say that the poem is merely a reflection of Eliot's unhappy first marriage, his. and that Ezra Pound's work on the poem transformed it from a . at Margate, the work he did on The Waste Land was against the advice of T. S. and Vivien Eliot spent t marriage marriage, as Eliot embarks on a life led under Pound's wing. Ezra Pound and T.S. Eliot were friends and collaborators. The effect of this correlative as outlined in his essay, 'Hamlet and His Problems', and have any relationship with Pound's Imagist theory, though Pound edited.
Eliot who did it for him, and when Pound was confined in St. The lives and association of these three men, whose careers started almost at the same time shortly before World War I are an integral part of the literary and cultural history of this century.
Both Lewis and Pound had been published before and had made something of a name for themselves in artistic and literary circles in London, but it was the publication in June,of the first issue of Blast that put them, so to speak, in the center of the stage.
The first Blast contained pages of text, was well printed on heavy paper, its format large, the typography extravagant, and its cover purple. Vorticism was supposed to express the idea that art should represent the present, at rest, and at the greatest concentration of energy, between past and future. This issue again contained essays, notes and editorial comments by Lewis and poetry by Pound, but displayed little of the youthful exuberance of the first — the editors and contributors were too much aware of the suicidal bloodletting taking place in the trenches of Flanders and France for that.
The second issue, for example, contained, as did the first, a contribution by the gifted young sculptor Gaudier-Brzeskatogether with the announcement that he had been killed while serving in the French army.
Secrets of TS Eliot's tragic first marriage and liaisons to be told at last | Books | The Guardian
Between the two issues of Blast, Eliot had arrived in London via Marburg and Oxford, where he had been studying for a degree in philosophy. He met Pound soon after his arrival, and through Pound, Wyndham Lewis.
The two issues of Blast established Lewis as a major figure: Pound had played an important role in Blast, but Lewis was the moving force. Lewis was born in on a yacht, as was mentioned before, off the coast of Nova Scotia. Pound was born in in Hailey, Idaho, and Eliot in in St. Lewis was brought up in England by his mother, who had separated from his father, was sent to various schools, the last one Rugbyfrom which he was dropped, spent several years at an art school in London, the Sladeand then went to the continent, spending most of the time in Paris where he studied art, philosophy under Bergson and others, talked, painted and wrote.
He returned to England to stay in He had exhibited in London with some success, and shortly before his meeting with Pound, Ford Maddox Ford had accepted a group of stories for publication in the English Reviewstories he had written while still in France in which some of the ideas appeared which he was to develop in the more than forty books that were to follow.
The family lived first in West Philadelphia, then in Jenkintown, and when Ezra was about six bought a comfortable house in Wyncote, where he grew up. He received good training in private schools, and a considerable proficiency in Latin, which enabled him to enter the University of Pennsylvania shortly before reaching the age of sixteen. It was at this time, he was to write some twenty years later, that he made up his mind to become a poet.
He decided at that early age that by the time he was thirty he would know more about poetry than any man living. After two years at Pennsylvania, he transferred to Hamilton, from which he graduated with a Ph.
His college years, in spite of his assertions to the contrary, must have been stimulating and developing — he received excellent training in languages, read widely and well, made some friends, including William Carlos Williamsand wrote poetry. After Hamilton he went back to Pennsylvania to do graduate work, where he studied Spanish literature, Old French, Provencal, and Italian. He was granted an M. The Prado made an especially strong impression on him — thirty years later he could still describe the pictures in the main gallery and recall the exact order in which they were hung.
He left the University of Pennsylvania ingave up the idea of a doctorate, and after one semester teaching at Wabash College in Crawfordsville, Indiana, went to Europe, to return to his native land only for longer or shorter visits, except for the thirteen years he was confined in St.Ezra Pound The Seafarer
The crisis came when he allowed a stranded chorus girl he had found in a snow storm to sleep in his room. He wrote some good poetry while at Wabash and made some friends, but was not sorry to leave, and was soon on his way to Europe, arriving in Venice, which he had visited before, with just eighty dollars.
While in Venice he arranged to have a group of his poems printed under the title A Lume Spento. This was in his preparation for his assault on London, since he believed, quite correctly, that a poet would make more of an impression with a printed book of his poetry under his arm than some pages of an unpublished manuscript. He stayed long enough in Venice to recover from the disaster of Wabash and to gather strength and inspiration for the next step, London, where he arrived with nothing more than confidence in himself, three pounds, and the copies of his book of poems.
His book on medieval Latin poetry, The Spirit of Romance, which is still in print, was published by Dent in It was Pound, the discoverer of talent, the literary impresario, as I have said, who brought Eliot and Lewis together. Instead of Crawfordsville, Indiana, Eliot had spent a year at the Sorbonne after a year of graduate work at Harvard, and was studying philosophy at the University of Marburg with the intention of obtaining a Harvard Ph.
The result of that first meeting with Pound are well known — Pound wrote instantly to Harriet Monroe in Chicago, for whose new magazine, Poetry, he had more or less been made European editor, as follows: Pound was ecstatic, and immediately transmitted his enthusiasm to Miss Monroe.
Pray God it be not a single and unique success. He has actually trained himself and modernized himself on his own. The following month the two poems appeared in Blast. Eliot had written little or nothing for almost three years. The warm approval and stimulation of Pound plus, no doubt, the prospect of publication, encouraged him to go on.
In October Poetry published three more new poems, and later in the year Pound arranged to have Elkin Matthews, who had published his two books of poetry to bring out a collection which he edited and called The Catholic Anthology which contained the poems that had appeared in Poetry and one of the two from Blast. He supplemented his salary by book reviewing and occasional lectures, but it was an unproductive, difficult period for him, his financial problems increased by the illness of his wife.
Eliot, Pound, and Lewis: A Creative Friendship | The American Conservative
Pound at this period fared better than Eliot — he wrote music criticism for a magazine, had some income from other writing and editorial projects, which was supplemented by the small income of his wife, Dorothy Shakespear and occasional checks from his father. He also enjoyed a more robust constitution that Eliot, who eventually broke down under the strain and was forced, into take a rest cure in Switzerland.
It was during this three-month stay in Switzerland that he finished the first draft of The Waste Land, which he immediately brought to Pound. The following month it appeared in New York in The Dial.
Eliot, Pound, and Lewis: A Creative Friendship
Quinn arranged for its publication in book form by Boni and Liverightwho brought it out in November. The first printing of one thousand was soon sold out, and Eliot was given the Dial award of the two thousand dollars.
Many were puzzled by The Waste Land, one reviewer even thought that Mr. Eliot might be putting over a hoax, but Pound was not alone in recognizing that in his ability to capture the essence of the human condition in the circumstances of the time, Eliot had shown himself, in The Waste Land, to be a poet.
The literary relationship of T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound after "The Waste Land"
The poem is a reflection, not of Eliot, but of the aimlessness, disjointedness, sordidness of contemporary life. In itself, it is in no way sick or decadent; it is a wonderfully evocative picture of the situation of man in the world as it is. All those who have lived in the Waste Land of London can, I suppose, remember the particular occasion on which, reading T.
As has already been mentioned, Pound left London in to go to Paris, where he stayed on until about — long enough for him to meet many people and for the force of his personality to make itself felt. He and his wife were frequent visitors to the famous bookshop, Shakespeare and Co. A splendidly built young man, stripped to the waist, and with a torso of dazzling white, was standing not far from me.
After a final swing at the dazzling solar plexus parried effortlessly by the trousered statue Pound fell back upon the settee. The young man was Hemingway. Pound, as is well known, took Hemingway in hand, went over his manuscripts, cut out superfluous words as was custom, and helped him find a publisher, a service he had performed while still in London for another young American, Robert Frost.
Love poems presented to his second wife every Sunday of their married life can also be published, according to her wishes. Valerie Eliot, whose funeral takes place on Wednesday, was the assiduous editor of her late husband's letters and guarded his reputation with care during the 47 years following his death.
Valerie, the poet's former personal secretary, guided his literary estate and did much to financially shore up the independence and future of the poet's publisher, Faber and Faber. But even though Eliot's widow was keen to systematically publish his wide-ranging letters, she prevented any writer from examining his documents with a free hand.
Any biographer now selected by the joint trustees of the Eliot estate would have plenty of drama to draw upon. As Eliot himself once commented: It also chronicled the development of Vivienne's madness. In great fear," he wrote. Valerie's close friend and a trustee of the Eliot estate, Clare Reihill, believes she was potentially prepared to give access to an official biographer. The next awards ceremony, in January, is likely to be a poignant farewell to a benevolent force, she added.
- Secrets of TS Eliot's tragic first marriage and liaisons to be told at last
But I personally would like to see more investigation into the influence of Eliot's close friendship with Ezra Pound.