Confucianism - Wikipedia
Confucianism in particular has had a great impact on Chinese values, ethics, and morals for more than Chen () suggested four elements of filial piety: no human relationships: ruler-minister, father-son, husband-wife, elder-younger, friend-friend. .. questionnaires were distributed and retrieved during class time. [This may not apply to the lower class and marginal people. Books on Confucianism and Confucius: There is a classic account of Confucius's .. “In womanly behavior there are four things [to be considered]: womanly virtue, womanly . The correct relationship between husband and wife is based upon harmony and. Race, Gender & Class Website: ommag.info Women Existing for Men: into bondage of women, treating them as possessions for their husbands. As the . Obediences and Four Virtues (San Cong Si De). The Three . Confucianism seems to have assigned three roles to a Chinese woman: the sexual object.
However, this responsibility is supposed to work two ways. The ruler also has responsibilities to his people. He is supposed to protect them, ensure their welfare, and above all, set good examples for them through his own actions.
Confucianism considers the society as spider web where all the component of the society is related with each other in one way or another. Confucianism had a great influence in the social structure of Jeoson Dynasty. It thinks that everyone in the society posses different kind of intelligence and wisdom that are the determinant that they are going to be ruler or they are going to be ruled.
Social philosophy is the most treasured part of Confucian theory. To design and build an ideal human society is the most primitive concern of Confucianism. The structure of Confucian social philosophy is very well organized that demanded the classification of people in the society.
Confucianism social structures are made up with following 4 different classes: The lower class or "Chonmin" representative of this class. Each of the class was identified in the society based on their role towards society and status. Even though Confucianism divided the society in different classes, there was no hereditary succession in their statuses.Learn English Vocabulary: The people we LOVE ❤ – spouse, girlfriend, partner, husband...
Based on ones merit, one could actually change their status. There was a civil service examination to determine the status of different classes.
Confucius's Five Relationships by Alice Hu on Prezi
In Jeoson dynasty there was this merit based requirement system. In this system, only skillful people are able to take the post of high class officials.
This system of requirement was based on literary skills and moral values. The four books and five classic of Confucianism give the characterization on the clarification of officials. The four books deal with moral codes of conduct. On the other hand the five classics deal with literary skills. Much actual power was yielded by yangban, civil and military officials who directed the government, economy and culture of Jeoson society.
So complete was this direction, many refer to Jeoson society as yangban society. Having risen through a state examination system designed to recruit officials of wisdom and moral merit, yangban were expected to continue devoting themselves to the study of Confucian doctrine and self-cultivation so that they could best serve others while in public office. By setting policies by their own example, their primary responsibility was the moral cultivation of Jeoson people. The Joseon Kingdom was firmly established around a hundred years after its foundation by Yi Seong-gye in Jeoson dynasty implemented the Confucius political philosophy in their government system.
Confucian philosophy idealized strong ruler and consolidation of political power. In other world, Confucian philosophy supported centralized government and king.
- Confucianism: Definition, Beliefs & History
- CONFUCIAN VIEWS AND TRADITIONS REGARDING WOMEN
- CONFUCIANISM AND SOCIETY, FILIALITY AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
Confucianism allowed for a meritocratic system of governance. Confucianism calls for a rule by virtue, and the way to attain that virtue is through constant studying.
This means that people who studied their hardest deserve to rule. Therefore, Korea implemented a yearly civil service exam so that the learned men in the kingdom may display their learning and by extension their fitness to govern. They had some extra privileged.
Society in the Joseon Dynasty
One of the good ways to enter the ruling class was to join the public office by passing this civil service exam. These ideas were meant to unite the people, create stability and prevent rebellion. Confucius believed his philosophy was also a route toward a civil society. However, he shifted attention away from ruling authorities, the divine or one's future after death, focusing instead on the importance of daily life and human interactions. This new, refined version of the philosophy did not completely take root until the next dynasty, the Han BC.
It is the Confucianism that many people are familiar with today. The foundation of Confucianism is an appreciation for one's character and the well-being of others. Now we will discuss the main features that reflect this aim.
Social Rituals According to Confucius, social rituals are specific ways of interacting with others. He explained that in each of our relationships, we have a designated role. In order to keep these relationships healthy, we have to be aware of what that role is and how to live it out. He identified the five main relationships in life to be: