Improving line and staff relationship in an organization

Staff and line - Wikipedia

improving line and staff relationship in an organization

The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff has line authority over his or her employees by virtue of authority relationships between staff personnel the right to offer advice in an effort to improve line operations. Line and Staff Relationships - Free download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), Line and staff organization is an organization in which line managers make Line managers can improve their problem solving in this kind or organization structure . Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. A " line function" is For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. because they increase costs while not directly contributing to the organization's goals.

improving line and staff relationship in an organization

Staff managers provide support, advice, and knowledge to other individuals in the chain of command. Although staff managers are not part of the chain of command related to direct production of products or services, they do have authority over personnel. An example of a staff manager is a legal adviser. He or she does not actively engage in profit-making activities, but does provide legal support to those who do. Therefore, staff positions, whether personnel or managers, engage in activities that are supportive to line personnel.

Three types of authority are present: Line authority is the right to carry out assignments and exact performance from other individuals.

Line authority flows down the chain of command. For example, line authority gives a production supervisor the right to direct an employee to operate a particular machine, and it gives the vice president of finance the right to request a certain report from a department head. Therefore, line authority gives an individual a certain degree of power relating to the performance of an organizational task. Two important clarifications should be considered, however, when discussing line authority: The head of a staff department has line authority over his or her employees by virtue of authority relationships between the department head and his or her directly-reporting employees.

Staff authority is the right to advise or counsel those with line authority. For example, human resource department employees help other departments by selecting and developing a qualified workforce. A quality control manager aids a production manager by determining the acceptable quality level of products or services at a manufacturing company, initiating quality programs, and carrying out statistical analysis to ensure compliance with quality standards.

LINE-AND-STAFF ORGANIZATIONS

Therefore, staff authority gives staff personnel the right to offer advice in an effort to improve line operations. Functional authority is referred to as limited line authority. It gives a staff person power over a particular function, such as safety or accounting.

improving line and staff relationship in an organization

Usually, functional authority is given to specific staff personnel with expertise in a certain area. One hour, or even just 30 minutes, is enough to inject some lighthearted cooperation into the workplace.

Management Function Staffing and How to Staff?

Prizes for the winners could be gift cards or hats, shirts or mugs printed with the company logo. Ask for Feedback As a manager, don't be afraid to ask employees for feedback of all kinds. At first, you'll need to request it and assure your employees you want their input.

improving line and staff relationship in an organization

You could do this in a collaborative session or begin with an anonymous suggestion form, or both. Distribute suggestion forms to everyone by email to use when they have feedback to give. It could be feedback about an office interpersonal problem or comments on a specific project. They can email them to you, but also designate a place they can be dropped off anonymously.

Read them as you receive them and carefully consider the comments.

Line and Staff Relationship - Management Guru | Management Guru

While some may be painful, you need to know how your employees feel about what is going on in the company. You may be surprised. Hold regular forums to discuss one topic. This helps keep an employee from hijacking the session with an unrelated pet peeve. Ask everyone to come prepared with a comment or idea to share. Explain that you want to hear from every employee because everyone's opinion matters. Announce the forum a few days in advance to give people time to think of what they want to share.

After holding regular sessions on different topics, employees will realize that you are serious about wanting feedback, that you want to hear from everyone, and that you're listening. Try to make changes based on feedback where you can, so tangible results of the input can be seen.

Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)

Inspire and Reward People work better and are happier and more productive when they're motivated by encouragement and inspiration rather than by criticism and punishment.

An organization structure which is composed of only line executives is termed as a line organization. Imaginary structure of such an organization may be as under: An organization structure which is composed of both line executives and staff executives is termed as line and staff organization.

An imaginary structure of such a type is shown below; The Nature of Line and Staff Relationships A more precise and logically valid concept of line and staff is that they are simply a matter of relationships.

Line and Staff Relationship in Organization (with Example Diagram)

Line authority gives a superior a line of authority over a subordinate. It exists in all organizations as an uninterrupted scale or series of steps. Hence, The scalar principle in the organization The clearer the line of authority from the ultimate management position in an enterprise to every subordinate position is, the clearer will be the responsibility for decision-making and the more effective will be organization communication.

improving line and staff relationship in an organization

In many large enterprises, the steps are long and complex; but even in the smallest; the very fact of organization introduces the scalar principle. It, therefore, becomes apparent from the scalar principle that line authority is that relationship in which a superior exercise direct supervision over a subordinate authority relationship being in direct line or steps. The nature of the staff relationship is advisory.

The function of people in a pure staff capacity is to investigate, research, and give advice to line managers.