Persephone - Wikipedia
Demeter's relationship with Zeus had not always been so strained: He was the father of her much-loved, white-armed daughter, Persephone. In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Demeter is the goddess of the grain, agriculture, harvest, growth. In Greek mythology, Persephone also called Kore is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter. .. of Demeter Eleusinia near Taygetos. The feast was named Eleuhinia, and the name was given before the relation of Demeter with the cult of Eleusis.
Persephone | Relationships & Story | ommag.info
How does the Hymn define the relationship between mother and daughter? One of loss and reunion? How does the Hymn define Is the relationship between father and daughter? One of remoteness and betrayal?
Myths and Legends
How could the poem be viewed as a metaphor for the institution of marriage in ancient Greece? How might marriage ritual then relate metaphorically to the salvation of the soul? At the end of the hymn, does Persephone appear angry over being kidnapped and ravaged? Does the hymn relate to undercurrents in marriage and family relationships in the modern world? From the kidnap image, to the chariot and the pomegranate.
Scenes from the marriage ritual have been depicted on vases since the 7th century BC. Some of these scenes are shown in the attached figures. The groom then takes the bride aboard his chariot for the procession to his home where they both will live. All women were viewed as manifestations of the earth goddess. But the daughter was more on permanent loan to her husband than his property. She had a dowry that had to be returned if they divorced. Marriage to the ancient Greek also carried with it the connotation of death for the maiden.
Since Demeter and Persephone are one and the same goddess, part above, part below, so women also existed in this state. Women bring people into the world, just as seeds planted in Gaia spring forth new life, and women are also responsible for the dead, since the dead are reunited with mother earth.
Women mourned and prepared the dead for burial. This was their god-given duty as manifestations of Gaia. But it went even beyond this. The Eleusinian Mysteries were based on the Hymn and constituted that part of the ancient Greek religion whereby they attained everlasting life. Those who were initiated into the Mysteries would, following death, join the gods in the Elysian Fields, the Isle of the Blessed.
The Mysteries were the most important religious rites practiced in Greece during antiquity. The ancients believed the existence of Greece depended on them and that they held the entire human race together.
The Mysteries were a sixteen-day ceremony starting in Athens and involving many sacrifices. During the last two days the initiates formed a procession from Athens to Eleusis where they danced and attended a gigantic feast.
The following evening the initiates, who sometimes numbered in the thousands, attended the initiation, which consisted of wandering in the dark blindfolded, drinking a sacred decoction of pennyroyal and barley and witnessing the epiphany. The intriguing debate continues among scholars as to what actually took place during the epiphany. It was kept secret under penalty of death, but many believe it concerned the birth of a divine child, a nativity scene with the presentation of a divine mother, Persephone, and her newborn son, Dionysus.
We do know that the high priest, the Hierophant, sounded a gong to summon Persephone from the Underworld and that blinding flashes of light, visible for miles around, flooded the interior of the Telesterion, the sacred building used for the ceremony. Archeologists have found fire marks on the terrace dating back to Mycenaean times. This then is the result, the impact on the individual of initiation into the Mysteries, and the description comes from one of the greatest philosophers of all time, Socrates through the writings of Plato.
From Pindar the early 5th century BC poet, we have the following: Blessed is he who hath seen these things before he goeth beneath the hollow earth; for he understandeth the end of mortal life, and the beginning of a new life given of god. Further discussion of the Homeric Hymn to Demeter: All this indicates complicity in a divine conspiracy to work in favor of the daughter so that she might become Mistress of the Underworld.
The tone of the poem is one of bemusement, of tragic necessity. The conspiracy lacks sinister intent. What then is going on here? The Greeks in their Homeric Hymns and tragedy pick up the non-literal part of our lives, the subterranean current of life we call the mythical element. The Cultural Reinvention of Persephone: That, combined with our modern interpretation, has led the gods of many mythologies to mean whatever the current climate needs them to mean.
Christianity, feminism, paganism, Percy Jackson, have all changed the way we have viewed the Greek Gods. Here is how it usually goes: Hades then decides to then burst from the ground with a chariot while Persephone is minding her damn business picking flowers with some nymph friends relatablesnatches Persephone and drags her down into the underworld.
Not the best first impression. Hades is the god of wealth after all. However, kidnapped gold is not at shiny as freedom gold. Demeter was not happy that Zeus would not return Demeter to her and being the goddess of the harvest, she played her trump card: After hearing people complain long enough, Zeus sent Hermes out to reclaim Persephone. It varies in who does the tricking. Now yes, is it terrible to hide your daughter away and not allow her to make decisions in her future husband, yes? However, because its Zeus no one expects any better.
Hades is not the worst guy in Greek mythology. Which is both not saying a lot and saying a lot. Hades, compared to his brothers, cousins, nephews, etc.