Moses, Ramses and Seti
Manetho's story of Osarsiph/Moses is related by the historian . Moses returns to Egypt and, as God had promised, pharaoh's heart is .. The events of the Exodus are traditionally assigned to the reign of Ramesses II based. We breakdown the story of Moses in 'Exodus: Gods and Kings' and compare The Relationship Between God and Moses · Ramses and the. Moses is the channel between God and the Hebrews, through . Ramses II was the greatest Pharaoh in all of ancient Egypt - his statues are everywhere. the Hebrews forged a special and unique relationship with God.
Rameses II most famous fight of conquest was the one with the Hittites of Kadesh. The war continued for twenty years after the series of battles with the Hittites.
In his second battle, Rameses II experienced difficulties during his attack on Athe, a city of Kadesha where he almost fell during the battle through deceit. It happened when he grouped his soldiers into four groups namely: Amun, Ra, Ptah and Setekh.
Rameses II led the Amun division outside the city with the Ra division about a mile and a half behind.
They first attacked the Ra division so that the Pharaoh wouldn't have it as reinforcement. Fortunately, the group managed to escape. The Hittites then attacked the Amun group and surrounded the Pharaoh. However, Ramses II managed to fight back in the combat and was able to pave the way out for him and his men after killing quite a large number of Hittites. After that, the Pharaoh and his men camped to regroup the army.
They then went into battle again for four hours until all of them were drained of energy. Rameses II decided to pull his army out from the battle. Millions of gallons of pig-waste had found its way into the river, causing a genetic mutation in a marine micro-organism called pfisteria; turning it from harmless into lethal. The river had been poisoned. John Marr, an epidemiologist specialising in environmental disasters, believes pollution in ancient Egypt could have caused the first six plagues.
Pfisteria, or something like it, caused the fish to die, thus turning the river red; the pollution would have driven the frogs onto the land, on land the frogs would die, causing an explosion of flies and lice.
The flies could then have transmitted viral diseases to livestock, killing them. The volcano theory Could a volcano have triggered the ten plagues? Ash columns were ejected into the atmosphere, circling the globe within two weeks and causing complete darkness over a radius of miles. Could a natural phenomenon on this scale have triggered the plagues? John Marr, epidemiologist, thinks that fall-out of volcanic ash could have produced a toxic bloom of algae in the River Nile; thus setting off a chain of events similar to those produced by pfisteria.
Santorini The volcanic theory seems dubious because there is no active volcano in Egypt. But miles to the north of the Nile delta is the Greek island of Santorini.
In the 16th century BCE, Santorini was blown apart by a gigantic volcanic eruption that was thousands of times more powerful than a nuclear weapon.
It was one of the biggest explosions of the last 10, years. The ash cloud from the Santorini blast would have been huge and far-reaching. Could the effects of this eruption have reached as far as Egypt? When Santorini erupted, the wind was blowing in a south-easterly direction, towards Egypt. Samples of Santorini ash have been collected from the sea bed, the heaviest concentrations being in the direction of the Nile Delta.Exodus: Gods and Kings - Ramses' Journey [HD] - 20th Century FOX
Oceanographer Dr Daniel Stanley, went to the Delta to drill for samples of mud and silt to see if the ash could have reached Egypt. He found volcanic shards that can be firmly related to the explosion.
It would have been heard, the event. The blast ash fall would have been felt.
Mike Rampino, a climate modeller from New York University, has run a computer simulation to look at the climatic effects of the Santorini blast. The ash cloud passing overhead would have completely cut out the sun and plunged the Delta into darkness. This would have been accompanied by the kind of unusual weather seen after volcanic eruptions — lightening and perhaps hail. This would explain two of the 10 plagues — darkness and hail. With river levels dropping, the water would have begun to stagnate.
Combined with the poisonous minerals that were raining down from the ash cloud, the Nile would have become a deadly cocktail and conditions would have been ripe for an outbreak of further plagues. When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, the mind of Pharaoh and his servants was changed toward the people, and they said, "What is this we have done, that we have let Israel go from serving us?
Moses’ Relationships with Rameses and God | Bib Lit is Lit
Could be a biblical exaggeration? Inon the site of the city of Ramses II, German archeologists unearthed the foundations of an ancient stable.
By the end of the dig, they had found enough stables for at least horses and chariots. Pillars of cloud and fire And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them along the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. Santorini is miles away, but the column of smoke would have towered some 40 miles above sea level. Climatologist Mike Rampino thinks that the ash could have been seen from as far away as Egypt.
During the day, the ash would have looked like a column of smoke and by night static electricity in the atmosphere would have caused lightning in this cloud. The parting of the 'Red Sea' Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the LORD drove the sea back by a strong east wind all night and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. If you read the bible in the original Hebrew, the word 'red' is mistranslated.
In the Hebrew bible Moses and his people cross the 'yam suph' - the Sea of Reeds. Now this is a strange story. You can imagine trying to cross the Red Sea would be horrendously difficult but a Reed Sea is something quite different. This is marshland areas and this is probably what they crossed.
Ancient Egyptian texts mention an area called Patchoufy: This is probably what they crossed. David Rohl, Egyptologist So Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to its normal course when the morning appeared. If you're talking about a shallow reed swamp of maybe two or three metres maximum of water, this sort of thing is physically possible. In fact it's been witnessed within the last years The Egyptian army might not have been completely decimated.
Many of the horses would have been killed, chariots would have been stuck in the mud.
Rameses II and the Bible
David Rohl, Egyptologist What about the famous image of a great canyon of water? Could this have any basis in reality? Computer simulations of the Santorini eruption show that the collapse of the island would have triggered a mega-tsunami - a foot wave travelling at miles an hour.
Floyd McCoy, a tsunami expert, says this was one of the largest waves in history and must have reached Egypt. We find evidence, believe it or not, on the deep ocean floor.
The tsunamis actually scraped across the bottom of the ocean floor in the Mediterranean and disturbed the sediment. We can find that sediment. That gives us some indication of the directions they went The computer model showed us waves radiating out all over the Mediterranean, reaching the Nile Delta.
If you look at ordinary waves you can see that just before they break, the water withdraws from the shore. A mega-tsunami would syphon billions of gallons of water - not just from the shore but from connecting rivers and lakes - creating dry land for as long as two hours.
We should think of a two-metre tsunami wave like a rapid change of the sea level by two metres along the coast, and that can can travel several kilometres inland. The destructive force of the wave could easily destroy an army. Costas Synolakis, tsunami expert Is there any other supporting evidence for this theory?
Inthe Philippine island of Mindoro was hit by a tsunami and an earthquake. The earthquake caused a massive crack in the bed of a lake about a mile inland. An eye-witness said he saw the water like a waterfall in the centre of the lake just go down. After a while, he could see the bottom of the lake: The mega-tsunami which hit the Nile delta was a thousand times more devastating than this one. Moses' significance The significance of Moses Dr R.
Moberly of the University of Durham explains the significance of Moses' story. Moses - the man Map of the locations in Moses' story Moses' appearance marks a kind of new beginning in the biblical story.
Israel's ancestors, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are in the past. In time of famine their descendants went down to Egypt, the largest and wealthiest neighbouring country, and settled there. These Hebrews became numerous, but Egypt's ruler, the Pharaoh, decided that they would be a good source of cheap labour, and began to exploit them in building projects; he also decided to make them less dangerous by keeping their numbers down through killing their male children at birth Exodus 1.
When Moses was born, his mother sought to protect him by putting him in a basket to float on the river Nile. Here he was providentially found by the Pharaoh's daughter who took pity on him and brought him up as her own child Exodus 2.
One day Moses saw an Egyptian and a Hebrew fighting. He intervened and killed the Egyptian. But when this became known he fled for his life.
Moses - Wikipedia
In the land of Midian, probably somewhere in the Sinai peninsula, he married the daughter of a priest, had two children, and settled down to life as a shepherd. That might have been the end of his story - except that his compatriots were still enslaved in Egypt, and God resolved to do something about it. Moses meets God The Bible contains astonishing accounts of God and Moses speaking face to face begin when Moses is quietly minding his own business as a shepherd.