Thai–Cambodian fugitive deal won’t mend relations | East Asia Forum
The foreign relations of Laos, internationally designated by its official name as the Lao People's Overview; Armenia; Brunei; Cambodia; China; France . Formal relations between Laos and the Philippines were officially Thai-Lao relations were strained somewhat in ahead of the release of. Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand to try to reduce . ASEAN members have been divided by their ties with China and the United States. In March , Cambodia and Thailand announced plans for several joint initiatives relating to trans-border movements, including a deal on.
A case that set a potential precedent earlier in involved the extradition of a Cambodian labour activist from Thailand in what was a violation of customary international law. The same international law principles also apply under an extradition agreement signed between the two countries in Accordingly, forced return is permissible only if the crime for which extradition is sought exists in both countries. Extradition needs to be rejected if there is reason to believe that the request is politically motivated.
Init was on these grounds that Cambodia rejected a request by the then Democratic Party government to extradite former Thai prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. The rejection came just a week after Hun Sen appointed Thaksin as his economic advisor. Under Thaksin, Thailand and Cambodia had forged closer business ties, and Thaksin and Hun Sen developed a close relationship.
With the regime change in Bangkok init is even clearer that reciprocity and political favours weigh more than legal commitments. The phithi pathomkam ritual re-enacts this story of revenge. However, Professor Kajorn Sukhapanich, a noted Thai historian, did not believe that the ritual, as recorded in the royal chronicles, ever really occurred. He claimed that Khmer King Satha fled and took refuge in Laos.
In general, present-day Thai view Khmer leaders and kings as traitors and ingrates. It was also heightened by the dictatorship of Field Marshal Sarit when the International Court of Justice ruled that the great temple of Phra Viharn on the border belonged to Cambodia. The pro-Americanism of Thailand and the neutrality of Sihanouk Cambodia during the Cold War further encouraged mutual dislike between the two countries and peoples.
King of Cambodia from to and again from to Thais are not particularly fond of Norodom Sihanouk, for example. Much the same could be said about King Anu of Laos, r.
The history of Thailand and its neighbors, especially Cambodia, Laos, and Burma, is one with both positive and negative elements.
Thailand and Cambodia: A Love-Hate Relationship – Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia
These feelings have led to significant misunderstandings. Clearly, then, there is a need for an earnest and systematic study of the history of relations between these countries.
Unfortunately, however, once the smoke clears from the Thai Embassy in Phnom Penh, all that is likely to matter is the extent of the financial damage and how and when compensation will be paid. It is convenient for Thais to forget that Ayutthaya rulers sacked Angkor three times. It would be far preferable, however, to examine the violent events of January 29 in order to draw lessons for solving the problems that continue to affect the neighboring countries of the Southeast Asian region.
Selected Bibliography The following texts shed some light for a better understanding of our Southeast Asian neighbors, especially Cambodia, its history, and the question of the Khmer legacy.
Filled with general information, the book is easy and pleasurable reading, and, importantly, contains beautiful photographs which help clarify the descriptions of modern day Cambodia toas well as the historical sites at Angkor. Coedes once worked in Thailand and was the first man to read the Ramkhamhaeng Inscription Stone in its entirety.
The book traces the development of the magnificent Khmer civilization and its eventual collapse. A smooth translation of the original, easy to read.
The country currently hosts some 84, registered refugees and an estimated 62, unregistered asylum-seekers from Myanmar in nine camps along the Thai-Myanmar border. However, in the Thai Government initiated a fast-track procedure that provides access to the Board for unregistered camp residents - if they are immediate family members of registered individuals already resettled or in the process of being so - to facilitate their eventual resettlement and reunion with family members.
Foreign relations of Laos - Wikipedia
Thailand is at the centre of ever-larger migratory movements in the region, and hosts an estimated 2 million migrants. Such numbers can lead to a blurring of the distinction between asylum-seekers and those coming predominantly for economic reasons. The number of people of concern to UNHCR in detention has declined recently, as many individuals have been released on bail with NGO assistance; however, arrests continue.
This allows for the issuance of birth certificates to all children born in the country, regardless of the status of their parents, and will help prevent statelessness. Meanwhile, Government data indicates that somepeople were deemed to be without a nationality, or stateless, as of December Despite several improved measures to increase coordination among intra-agencies in the past, on the whole the Thai treatment of these unfortunate people still comes under fire due to the lack of consistency, compassion and cooperation with international organisations, including UNHCR and numerous humanitarian organisations.
One hindrance is Thailand's continuous refusal to sign the Refugee Convention. Fear and a lack of understanding of the convention has prevented the country from joining other nations that have done so.
In the s, Thailand and Laos fought a brief war that grew from a territorial dispute at Baan Romklai in Phitsanulok. The Thai military suffered a painful and humilaiting defeat. The second friendship bridge—the Mukdaharn-Suvannalhet Bridge—was opened in The forth bridge, between Chiangkhing and Huayxai is expected to be completed soon.
The new link adds a vital 3. The UN-backed Trans-Asian Railway now has nearly 74,km of working track serving 29 countries, and estimates for completion range from 10 to 15 years.
THAILAND’S RELATIONS WITH LAOS, CAMBODIA, MYANMAR AND OTHER COUNTRIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
A Laos foreign affairs spokesman said the railway was important for his country as it would greatly reduce export costs, as transport by lorry was only previously available. The ultimate aim was to "unlock" and transform a country with no direct access to the sea, Lao Railway Authority spokesman Sompong Pholsena told the Lao News Agency. The bridge is a key part of the region's transport development, extending road links from Singapore to China's port city of Shanghai.
The new network is part of a plan conceived in the s to connect Asia with a continuous railway, stretching west to Turkey and Russia, and north and east to China, Vietnam and South Korea. Decades of regional conflict and poverty have delayed the plan until recent years.
In JulyThailand urged Laos to repatriate more than 6, ethnic Hmong migrants. Many the Thai government said were from Petchabun Province in Laos and had been duped into leaving Laos by human traffickers who promised they would be resettled in the United States.
In August about Hmong, including 90 children, went on a hunger strike, at a detention center in Thailand, saying they would rather die tan repatriated to Laos. In Thailand and Laos agreed to improve their relations by promoting bilateral trade and allowing free access to the Mekong River by border residents.
Nonetheless, relations between Bangkok and Vientiane continued to be tense, marred by frequent shooting incidents on the Mekong.Cambodia-Thailand Relations - Charnvit Kasetsiri
In Thailand banned "strategic" commodities from export or transshipment to Laos. In mid armed clashes occurred over the status of three remote border villages. Laos raised this issue in the in Security Council, rejecting Thailand's proposal to determine the territoriality of the villages through a joint or neutral survey team.
Meanwhile, one important economic link continued to be unaffected by political or security matters: Laos sold electricity to Thailand, earning as much as 75 percent of its annual foreign exchange from this transaction.
At about the same time, Thailand began to relax its trade embargo, thereby decreasing the number of banned items to sixty-one. Apparently, this action was taken under pressure from Thai businessmen, whose exports to Laos had dropped sharply from 81 percent of the total imports of Laos in to 26 percent in Thai exports to Laos increased in andbut the future of economic links between the two countries was uncertain.
With Soviet assistance, the Laotians planned to complete by a major highway from Savannakhet across Laos to the Vietnamese port of Danang, thus lessening the traditional dependence of Laos on Thailand for access to the sea for foreign trade. Moreover, Vientiane accused Bangkok of being in collusion with the United States in engaging in unfriendly acts to destabilize the Laotian government.
The alleged acts, along with Thai occupation of the three "Lao villages," were stated by Vientiane to be the main barriers to improvement of Laotian-Thai relations. Furthermore, Thailand accused Laos of turning a blind eye to heroin production inside Laos and of refusing to cooperate in the suppression of narcotics trafficking between Laos and Thailand. In Marchthe Bangkok Post lamented in an editorial, "It is strange but true that the country with which Thailand has just about everything to share except ideology should happen to be one of the hardest to deal with.
Thailand gave some support to the Khmer Rouge as a way of keeping Vietnam at bay.
Thailand reopened its border with Cambodia in Februarya week after they were closed due to anti-Thai riots in Phnom Penh. In October the two countries agreed in principle to resume diplomatic and economic relations; the agreement was formalized in Junewhen they also agreed to erect border markers in poorly defined border areas.
In JanuaryBangkok and Hanoi signed an accord on trade and economic and technical cooperation, agreeing also to exchange ambassadors, reopen aviation links, resolve all problems through negotiations, and consult on the question of delimiting sea boundaries.
Progress toward improved relations with the Indochinese states came to an abrupt halt, however, after Vietnam invaded Cambodia in Decemberand in January installed in Phnom Penh a new communist regime friendly to Hanoi. Bangkok could no longer rely on Cambodia as a buffer against Vietnamese power.
Bangkok was forced to assume the role of a frontline state against a resurgent communist Vietnam, which hadtroops in Cambodia and Laos.
The Thai government began increasing its defense capabilities.