Fyodor Dostoevsky - Biography and Works. Search Texts, Read Online. Discuss.
Compare and contrast Dostoevsky's and Tolstoy's opinions on major aesthetic purpose of art, the value of art and the relationship between art and reality. There will be a quiz after we finish our unit on Notes from Underground and another. Biography of Fyodor Dostoevsky and a searchable collection of works. Short Stories: 4,, Forum Members: 71,, Forum Posts: 1,,, Quizzes: . wanting to get more into Russian literature, particularly Dostoevsky and Tolstoy. the siren Natalia, and the subsequent relationship between the man and her. Although contrast exists between Tolstoy and Dostoevsky, Russia's two greatest novelists, . As examining magistrate, Ivan felt what relationship to his people?.
He married Sophia Tolstaya — 16 years his junior — in Thirteen children were born to them, and there were many challenges in this tumultuous relationship. Yet, interestingly, Tolstoy said and wrote things such as the following: Tolstoy was a free, forward-looking thinker. Inafter visiting the anarchist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, who was living in Brussels, Belguim, under an assumed name, he was so impressed by some of the ideas and possibilities discussed between them that he went home and arranged for the building of 13 schools for the children of his serfs.
Tolstoy believed that worship of God and our approach to God can be varied, but that God is there — and accessible to all men of all classes and conditions.
He was curious, and sought for religious truths wherever he went, with whatever group or nationality of people he encountered. Rejecting organized religion himself, he was known for his support of and concern for those who did strive to practice their religion — especially for religious minorities who were struggling or suffering persecution.
He first mentions this little-known religion in his diary while he is traveling in Western Europe. He is young, and relatively unknown except in Russia.
Did Dostoevsky and Tolstoy meet each other?
But 30 years later, in an unusual way, Mormonism was again brought to his attention. Tolstoy had spoken in an interview of the U. This impassioned young woman could not resist telling the history of her people from their own point of view. Her letter was well-written and both sweet and persuasive.
She sent three letters in all to the great writer, and these were apparently answered, as was his habit, by his daughter, Tatyana. So he was definitely, to some extent, drawn to this daughter of the famous Mormon leader and to what she was saying. It has started me thinking about all the translations of Dostoyevsky in different languages and how different translations can affect one's view of any great writer. My initial impression only an impression-I have made no scientific comparison of specific extracts yet at the moment is that the characters in the German version do not seem to be not quite so mad and peremptory as they appear in the two English translations and the characters are easier to identitfy and remember!
I cannot say why I would like to ask you from which book is a quotation related to the no existence of time.
There is a discussion between two people and one of them asks the other why he has a watch that is broken. The other answers that time does not exist. Thank you in advance for your answer! Does anyone have an answer? That's my idea, from which I don't conclude, however, that all men are thieves; though, goodness knows, I've often been tempted to. What do you think? The Idiot - Fyodor Dostoevsky All I have read before is Crime and Punishment, which I very much want to read again.
I have been a little anxious, if truth be told, about finding the right translations of these works. I read all the translation threads that show up on the forums, and I recognize that there will never be a perfect solution to this problem besides learning Russian or any other language So, to try to compare for myself, I just read two different translations of Notes From Underground back to back.
The differences I n Posted By KilgoreT in Dostoevsky, Fyodor 0 Replies Dostoevsky and beauty One thing i remember noticing in Dostoevsky's work is that he appears to have at the same time a pre-occupation with beauty, and also one which is not analysed at all. Some examples of beauty playing a part in his characters: Raskolnicov is described as very beautiful.
I always thought that he made it that way so as to have the readers avoid some explanation of his misery by means of frustration with women. In the "pitiful tale" there is a character who is almost only described as "very good looking boy".
He acts in an angelic way. The narrator of The Underground introduces himself by claiming he is repulsive i trust physically as well as ethically. In the vast ocean of his wo The Eternal Husband, a late work of Dostoevsky, alludes to an affair a decade earlier between Velchaninov and a married woman, the siren Natalia, and the subsequent relationship between the man and her husband, Pavel Pavlovich, who knowingly has brought along 'his' young daughter, Liza, almost certainly a product of the affair.
Every scene starts with Velchaninov, and none ends before he and Pavel Pavlovich interact. Later that day, Nekrasov brought Poor Folk to Belinsky. Makar Devushkin, a poor copying clerk who can afford to live only in a corner of a dirty kitchen, exchanges letters with a young and poor girl, Varvara Dobrosyolova. Her letters reveal that she has already been procured once for a wealthy and worthless man, whom, at the end of the novel, she agrees to marry.
The novel is remarkable for its descriptions of the psychological rather than just material effects of poverty. Dostoyevsky transformed the techniques Nikolay Gogol used in The Overcoatthe celebrated story of a poor copying clerk.
The hero of this novella, Golyadkin, begets a double of himself, who mocks him and usurps his place. Always prone to nervous illness, Dostoyevsky suffered from depression. Political activity and arrest In Dostoyevsky began to participate in the Petrashevsky Circle, a group of intellectuals who discussed utopian socialism.
Did Dostoevsky and Tolstoy meet each other? - Russia Beyond
He eventually joined a related, secret group devoted to revolution and illegal propaganda. It appears that Dostoyevsky did not sympathize as others did with egalitarian communism and terrorism but was motivated by his strong disapproval of serfdom. On April 23,he and the other members of the Petrashevsky Circle were arrested. Dostoyevsky spent eight months in prison until, on December 22, the prisoners were led without warning to the Semyonovsky Square.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky | Biography, Books, Philosophy, & Facts | ommag.info
There a sentence of death by firing squad was pronounced, last rites were offered, and three prisoners were led out to be shot first. At the last possible moment, the guns were lowered and a messenger arrived with the information that the tsar had deigned to spare their lives. The mock-execution ceremony was in fact part of the punishment. One of the prisoners went permanently insane on the spot; another went on to write Crime and Punishment. Dostoyevsky passed several minutes in the full conviction that he was about to die, and in his novels characters repeatedly imagine the state of mind of a man approaching execution.
The hero of The IdiotPrince Myshkin, offers several extended descriptions of this sort, which readers knew carried special authority because the author of the novel had gone through the terrible experience. The mock execution led Dostoyevsky to appreciate the very process of life as an incomparable gift and, in contrast to the prevailing determinist and materialist thinking of the intelligentsia, to value freedom, integrityand individual responsibility all the more strongly.
Instead of being executed, Dostoyevsky was sentenced to four years in a Siberian prison labour camp, to be followed by an indefinite term as a soldier.
After his return to Russia 10 years later, he wrote a novel based on his prison camp experiences, Zapiski iz myortvogo doma —62; The House of the Dead. Gone was the tinge of Romanticism and dreaminess present in his early fiction.
The novel, which was to initiate the Russian tradition of prison camp literature, describes the horrors that Dostoyevsky actually witnessed: Above all, The House of the Dead illustrates that, more than anything else, it is the need for individual freedom that makes us human.
This conviction was to bring Dostoyevsky into direct conflict with the radical determinists and socialists of the intelligentsia. He rejected the condescending attitude of intellectuals, who wanted to impose their political ideas on society, and came to believe in the dignity and fundamental goodness of common people.Why Conservatives Should Read Dostoyevsky
Dostoyevsky also became deeply attached to Russian Orthodoxy, as the religion of the common people, although his faith was always at war with his skepticism.
No less than his accounts of being led to execution, his descriptions of epileptic seizures especially in The Idiot reveal the heights and depths of the human soul. As Dostoyevsky and his hero Myshkin experience it, the moment just before an attack grants the sufferer a strong sensation of perfect harmony and of overcoming time. In Dostoyevsky married a consumptive widow, Mariya Dmitriyevna Isayeva she died seven years later ; the unhappy marriage began with her witnessing one of his seizures on their honeymoon.
Works of the s Upon his return to Russia, Dostoyevsky plunged into literary activity. After first trying to maintain a middle-of-the-road position, Dostoyevsky began to attack the radicals, who virtually defined the Russian intelligentsia. Dostoyevsky was repulsed by their materialismtheir utilitarian moralitytheir reduction of art to propaganda, and, above all, their denial of individual freedom and responsibility.
For the remainder of his life, he maintained a deep sense of the danger of radical ideas, and so his post-Siberian works came to be resented by the Bolsheviks and held in suspicion by the Soviet regime.