Nicholas and Alexandra - History Learning Site
Nicholas's relations with the Duma were not good. Witte, unable to grasp the seemingly insurmountable problems of reforming Russia and the monarchy, a Knight of the Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky, with diamonds. (The last two words were written in the tsar's own hand. Nicholas II or Nikolai II known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer .. In the October Manifesto, the Tsar pledged to introduce Witte, unable to grasp the seemingly insurmountable problems of reforming Russia and the of Saint Alexander Nevsky with diamonds (the last two. When he succeeded his father—Czar Alexander II—Nicholas II had little the disease, which was sometimes referred to as “the royal disease.Tsar Nicholas II - George V 's Cousins - Transformation From 1 To 50 Years Old
When he succeeded his father inhe had very little experience of government. They had four daughters and a son, Alexis, who suffered from the disease haemophilia. Alexandra was the dominant personality in their relationship and encouraged the weaker Nicholas's autocratic tendencies.
He mistrusted most of his ministers and yet was incapable of carrying out the task of ruling the vast Russian empire alone. Determined that Russia should not be left out in the scramble for colonial possessions, Nicholas encouraged Russian expansion in Manchuria. This provoked war with Japan in The resulting Russian defeat led to strikes and riots. In Januaryon 'Bloody Sunday', the army in St Petersburg shot at a crowd demanding radical reforms.
Opposition to the tsar grew and Nicholas was forced to grant a constitution and establish a parliament, the Duma. Nicholas's concessions were only limited.
Changes were made in the voting laws to prevent the election of radicals and the secret police continued to crush opposition.
Alexander III of Russia
However, the Duma did give many more people, especially the middle classes, a voice in government. In mid Nicholas made the disastrous decision to take direct command of the Russian armies.
The imperial family was sent to live under house arrest in Siberia. By July, the White army was advancing on Yekaterinburg.
Wedding of Nicholas II and Alexandra Feodorovna
Local authorities were ordered to prevent a rescue of the Romanovs, and after a secret meeting of the Yekaterinburg Soviet, the imperial family was sentenced to death. On the night of July 16,the family was ordered to dress and go down to the cellar of the Ipatiev House where they were lined up as if posing for a family photograph.
There they were shot by firing squad and bayoneted to death by Bolshevik troops. The remains of the family were discovered in a mass grave in the Ural Mountains in Subsequent DNA testing confirmed the identities of the Nicholas, Alexandra and three of their daughters.
Alexander III and Nicholas II by Peyton Tatonetti on Prezi
The remains of Alexei and one of his sisters remained a mystery until when a second grave was discovered near the larger mass grave.
The grave contained the remains of two partially burned skeletons, which subsequent DNA testing showed to belong to Alexei, and one of his sisters, likely Anastasia or Maria. The legend persisted for nearly a century, inspiring numerous books and films.
Over the years, dozens of women came forward, claiming to be the Romanov princess. The best-known Anastasia imposter was Anna Andersona young woman pulled out of a canal in Berlin, Germany in after an attempted suicide.
Anderson was sent to an asylum where she told fellow patients she was the Grand Duchess Anastasia. Her claims received public attention, though most members of the extended Romanov family believed her to be an imposter.
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Will the real Anastasia Romanov please stand up?