Vassal | feudalism | ommag.info
A vassal is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord or monarch, in the context You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. vassaly to theorize formally hegemonic relationships between states – even those using non-personal forms of rule. Vassal: Vassal, in feudal society, one invested with a fief in return for services to an overlord. Some vassals did not have fiefs and lived at their lord's court as his household knights. Certain vassals who In wardship and marriage. feudalism. Thus develops relationship between lord and vassal, heart of feudalism - The lord gives the vassal -Gave lord advice when asked -Made payments to the lord.
One of the most significant was that of a feudal contract.
The lord owed something to the vassal, just as the vassal owed something to the lord. The vassal also swore fealty fidelity to his lord.
In his turn, the lord was understood to owe protection and justice to his vassal.
If the lord broke the contract, the vassal was expected to withdraw his homage and fealty in a public act of defiance before proceeding to open rebellion. Sometimes the contract was written; sometimes it was oral; sometimes the ceremony included a formal investiture by the lord in which he would give his kneeling vassal a symbol of the fief that was being transferred to him—a twig or a bit of earth. When lord or vassal died, the contract had to be renewed with the successor.
There were others still that had control of their own lands and did not live in the home of the lord that they were under control of. The average size of a feudal land grant to a vassal was between acres and acres. The land that vassals were granted commonly contained farm lands, pastures, churches and andmills. Vassals either lived in the castle of their feudal lord or they sometimes had the privilege of owning their own manor.
This meant anyone from a clergy member to the King. However, vassals in the Middle Ages had many responsibilities. One of the most important duties of vassals in the Middle ages was to maintain the manor of their feudal lord and watch over the day to day activities in the manor. Because they had so many responsibilities, vassals in the Middle Ages were given more authority and lands.
Another important duty of a vassal was to attend to his feudal lord during court. Sometimes vassals in the Middle Ages were asked to provide counsel for their lords.
This meant that they helped their lords make important decisions. This included simple decisions, such as decisions surrounding farming. These types of decisions were usually in lower level manors. However, lords also gave their vassals the opportunity to decide on sentences for criminals.
Vassals in the Middle Ages
Although the 9th century can be characterized as an age of confusion, the situation was made worse by a renewed series of invasions throughout the century. Vikings from the north, Magyars from the east, and Saracens from the South plundered the continent.FIRST VASSAL - Mount & Blade Warband - Part 41
The great landowners raised their own armies and built castles to protect the open country. Such resistance on the part of the landowners also had the effect of increasing their authority at the same time that it made them less dependent on the central government.
Vassals and Lords | The Early Middle Ages in Western Europe
The wave of invasions came to an end to the 10th century, however, European recovery was slow. Although the barbarians in England, Ireland, and Normandy assimilated themselves to Christianity, those tribes of Eastern Europe were a far more difficult group to absorb. As result of the invasions normal communications and travel were destroyed.
It was therefore necessary that local self-sufficiency, which was already strong, was intensified by the needs of security and protection. It was necessary that European society be reorganized so that each area could meet its minimum means from its own resources.
There is little doubt that the chronic absence of any effective central government and the threat of both war and famine contributed to the general awareness of the need for security and protection. The institution known as feudalism appeared in this atmosphere of collapsing central authority, civil war, invasion and overall economic stagnation. The term feudalism refers to that social, political, and economic system that emerged from the experience of the 9th century.
Feudalism highlighted the fact that only those men who could guarantee immediate protection and security from a war, invasion, and famine, were the true lords. In other words, feudal society was society dominated by warriors. What people needed most was the assurance that they could depend on others when needed as a result, powerful individuals were recognized as superiors by lesser men who pledged themselves to them, promising them service.
Feudal society, then, was a society dominated by a vast network of mutual relationships based almost entirely on personal loyalty and service. This practice grew out of two primary sources. On the one hand, the tribal bonds characteristic of the invading tribes began to decline due to their Christianization. On the other hand, the fall of Rome and its aftermath led to a general weakening of one's loyalty to the state, which had been characteristic of the later years of the Roman Empire.
So far we have established that feudal society was based on security and protection. Feudalism was also a political, economic, military, and social arrangement.
Of course, if we were to ask a medieval king to describe feudalism, he would not really know what it was we were asking of him. The reason is clear. Feudalism is the word used to describe a complex set of relationships which appeared following the reign of Charlemagne.
There is no handbook of feudalism. Because of this feudalism is sometimes difficult to describe. Added to this complication, there is a considerable degree of variation as regards how and where feudalism made its first appearance. However, the heartland of the feudal system is in Europe, specifically that area which falls between the Loire and Rhine rivers.
The relationship between Lord and vassal
In general, feudalism first made its appearance in western Europe and more slowly in central and eastern Europe. Consequently, feudalism first disappeared in the west and more slowly in the east and in Russia.
- The relationship between Lord and vassal
The network of mutual relationships which together constituted what we have been calling feudal society, enabled warriors to acquire large armies and to rule over territory without necessarily owning the land or having any royal title to their rule. Large groups of vassals would eventually became a professional military class with its own code of conduct.
These military organizations appeared as a result of the absence of strong central government. In the sixth and seventh centuries there involved the custom of individual freemen, who did not belong to any protecting group, to place themselves under the protection of a more powerful freeman.
In this way stronger men were able to build up armies and become local political and judicial powers, and the lesser men were able to solve the problem of security and protection. Men who entrusted themselves to others were known as ingenui in obsequio, or "freemen in a contractual relation of dependence. All men of this type came to be described collectively as vassals.
The landed nobility, like kings, made every effort to acquire as many vassals as they could for the obvious reason that military strength during this period lay in numbers.