Who Are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John? - new-era
The four Gospels are followed by the Acts of the Apostles, the Letters of St. Paul The Gospel of Matthew stressed that Jesus is the Christ (, ) foretold in .. 34 And behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus; and when they saw him. Matthew and John were two of the original Twelve Apostles. In his book, Matthew often stresses that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and came to fulfill the Old Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. Matthew the Apostle responded to Jesus' invitation, leaving behind his job legend has it that Matthew died as a martyr for the cause of Christ.
Matthew is one of the most quoted books of the Bible. Jesus states the Golden Rule in the Sermon on the Mount 7: Known as the Great Commission, the Gospel closes with Jesus calling the Apostles, "to make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded to you" The Gospel of Matthew is especially important for it is one of the two Gospels originally written by an Apostle the other being the Gospel of John.
The Gospel of Matthew was possibly written in Antioch, an early home of Christianity. Indeed, the Acts of the Apostles Matthew's Gospel is directed to an audience steeped in Hebrew tradition. The Gospel of Matthew stressed that Jesus is the Christ 1: For example, Jesus fulfills the prophecies of Isaiah 7: He was named "Jesus because he will save his people from their sins" Matthew 1: Yeshua, his very name in Hebrew, means "the Lord Saves.
Jesus calls himself the Son of Man thirty times, fulfilling the destiny of the Messianic figure in Daniel 7: He is called the Son of David nine times in the Gospel of Matthew.
Just as the twelve sons of Jacob were the origin of the twelve tribes of Israel, Jesus as the Christ chose Twelve Apostles to inaugurate the Kingdom of Heaven. Matthew names five women in the Genealogy: The genealogy regularly notes the male who fathers a child, but Matthew delivers an exact statement when he reaches Joseph, "the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born" 1: Matthew records five major speeches of Christ Jesus: The 'keys to the kingdom of heaven' in The Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are called the Synoptic Gospels, as they follow a similar pattern in describing the Life of Jesus and his teachings.
Characteristic of all three are the Parables of Jesus. Matthew relates ten Parables on the Kingdom of Heaven, seven of which occur in Chapter 13 and are central to his Gospel. There are elements to Matthew's Gospel that are unique to it alone. Matthew includes the complete Sermon on the Mount in Chapters 5 through 7; and Matthew's description of his becoming an Apostle in Chapter 9: Matthew is the only one of the Gospel writers to refer to the Church in his reference to establishing Church authority with Peter.
The Last Judgement in Matthew And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age. It is not known whether Matthew's writings were in Hebrew or Aramaic, for while Hebrew was the formal language of Israel, daily language was in Aramaic, as with Jesus and the Apostles. Catherine's Monastery on Mt. Was Matthew or Mark written first? There must be a reason for St. And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, 7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asa, 8 and Asa the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, 9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, 10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, 11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.
Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13 and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, 14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, 15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, 16 and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.
When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit; 19 and her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to divorce her quietly. For we have seen his star in the East, and have come to worship him. Then, opening their treasures, they offered him gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh.
The Flight to Egypt 13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, "Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there till I tell you; for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.
This was to fulfil what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, "Out of Egypt have I called my son. Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
The Beginning of the Galilean Ministry 12 Now when he heard that John had been arrested, he withdrew into Galilee; 13 and leaving Nazareth he went and dwelt in Capernaum by the sea, in the territory of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 that what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: The Similes of Salt and Light 13 "You are the salt of the earth; but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltness be restored?
It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trodden under foot by men. A city set on a hill cannot be hid. Teaching of Jesus the Fulfillment of the Law 17 "Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfil them. Teachings 21 "You have heard that it was said to the men of old, 'You shall not kill; and whoever kills shall be liable to judgment.
But if any one strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also; 40 and if any one would sue you and take your coat, let him have your cloak as well; 41 and if any one forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.
Love your Enemies 43 "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy. Do not even the tax collectors do the same? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? Truly, I say to you, they have received their reward. On Prayer 5 "And when you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites; for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by men. Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread; And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil.
On Fasting 16 "And when you fast, do not look dismal, like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces that their fasting may be seen by men.
In his book, Matthew often stresses that Jesus Christ is the Messiah and came to fulfill the Old Testament prophecies. Matthew wrote specifically to the Jews, who were familiar with those prophecies.
Matthew was a man who could have moved comfortably in political circles, and his book mentions things that someone in his position would know. This lie was then spread among the Jews. Matthew must have been informed about the bribery. The book of Matthew is the only place this interesting bit of information is told. Mark Mark was much younger than the other writers.
ACTS OF THE APOSTLES
His mother was a prominent follower of Jesus Christ. Mark was also a follower of Jesus Christ but would likely have been in his teens when the Lord was in Jerusalem. He may have seen and listened to the Savior on occasion.
He then accompanied the Apostle Peter to Rome and stayed by him while he was in prison. As a fisherman from Galilee, Peter may not have spoken Greek fluently, so Mark interpreted for him. In his book, Mark wrote down the observations and memories of Peter, one of the original Apostles.
Luke Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. Luke had been a physician, but he left that profession to travel with Paul. In the first few verses of his book, Luke says that he is going to write the things that eyewitnesses and other teachers of the gospel had to say about the Savior.
Apparently he had the opportunity to talk to many who were present when the Savior taught or performed miracles. One of the most amazing stories Luke wrote about was the birth of the Savior. The list would have been long. Paul returned to Ephesus in Asia Minor on his third missionary journey, where he spent a total of three years Acts In his Farewell meeting with the Church of Ephesus on his return to Jerusalem, Paul repeats a saying of Jesus not found in the four Gospels: Paul is on trial in Chapters for his belief in the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead, but also because he considers this as the fulfillment of the "hope in the promise made by God to our fathers.
Chapters narrate Paul's fourth missionary journey through Malta to Rome. Paul arrives in Rome and spends two years there under house arrest preaching the Gospel. The Holy Spirit is named 40 times in Acts, more than any other book of the Bible. Peter laid his hands and bestowed the Holy Spirit in Acts 8: The Holy Spirit directed Peter to accompany the emissaries sent by Cornelius The Holy Spirit called for Barnabas and Saul before they began the first missionary journey Paul also laid his hands and bestowed the Holy Spirit in Acts Antioch, Syria was an early home of Christianity after the dispersion, and especially after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD.
Indeed the followers of Jesus were first called Christians in Antioch Acts Followers of Jesus were also referred to as Nazarenes Acts Barnabas and Saul on the first missionary journey to Cyprus and Asia Minor appreciated that the Gospel of salvation be spoken first to the Jews but that the Gentiles were open to the message of Jesus Christ Acts The Council of Jerusalem resolved the important issue on Gentile converts - Peter and the Council supported Paul and Barnabas in allowing Gentile converts to become Christians without subjecting themselves to all the precepts of the Mosaic law.
THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW
This issue would continue to create dissension within the early Church, as we can see in reading Paul's Letters to the Galatians and Romans. The Council also served as the precedent for future Councils of the Christian Church.
As Paul was directed to Rome by the Lord himself in Acts Paul fulfilled Christ's mission given in Luke In contrast to Jonah, who was running from the Lord and imperiled the safety of the ship, Paul was obedient to the Lord and saved the lives of all on board! There is a lesson here: Malta is an important aspect of the narrative, for the natives there representing the Gentiles were receptive to Paul's mission.
Publius, the chief man of the island, became a convert and the first Bishop of Malta. This is in contrast to the Jews of Rome, who, while individually may have been responsive to the Word, as a group rejected Paul's message. The climax occurs in Rome, when Paul, after continued rejection by the Jews This Jesus, who has been taken up from you into heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into heaven.
Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know - 23 this Man, delivered over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.
Community Life 42 They were continually devoting themselves to the apostles' teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. And the Lord was adding to their number day by day those who were being saved. Peter's Second Speech 11 While he was clinging to Peter and John, all the people ran together to them at the so-called portico of Solomon, full of amazement.
Before the Sanhedrin 5 On the next day, their rulers and elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem; 6 and Annas the high priest was there, and Caiaphas and John and Alexander, and all who were of high-priestly descent.
For the fact that a noteworthy miracle has taken place through them is apparent to all who live in Jerusalem, and we cannot deny it. Thanksgiving 23 When they had been released, they went to their own companions and reported all that the chief priests and the elders had said to them. Community Life 32 And the congregation of those who believed were of one heart and soul; and not one of them claimed that anything belonging to him was his own, but all things were common property to them.
CHAPTER 5 Ananias and Sapphira 1 But a man named Ananias, with his wife Sapphira, sold a piece of property, 2 and kept back some of the price for himself, with his wife's full knowledge, and bringing a portion of it, he laid it at the apostles' feet.
And after it was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God. Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out as well.
Miracles 12 At the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were taking place among the people; and they were all with one accord in Solomon's portico. An Angel Frees the Apostles from Jail 17 But the high priest rose up, along with all his associates that is the sect of the Sadduceesand they were filled with jealousy.
Now when the high priest and his associates came, they called the Council together, even all the Senate of the sons of Israel, and sent orders to the prison house for them to be brought. But he was killed, and all who followed him were dispersed and came to nothing. CHAPTER 6 Stephen and the First Deacons 1 Now at this time while the disciples were increasing in number, a complaint arose on the part of the Hellenistic Jews against the native Hebrews, because their widows were being overlooked in the daily serving of food.
Stephen's Arrest 8 And Stephen, full of grace and power, was performing great wonders and signs among the people. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran, 3 and said to him, 'Leave your country and your relatives, and come into the land that I will show you.