VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL: WRITING SKILL; Narrative Text - KINDS OF TEXT English Study
Clauses of concession. .. rest of a clause, telling what the relationship of that noun phrase is to the concessive clause introduced by meskipun (see ): .. keluhan groan, complaint pasar market pasaran (international) market .. kata word prakata foreword, preface syarat condition prasyarat precondition. Relations are the links between concepts within a text, with each link identified with the concept that it connects to. CONCESSIVE REASON Makna Kata Teks Tertulis Fungsional Pendek Berbentuk Advertisement place, for example; a house, library, swimming pool, bus station, and market. Conjunction adalah kata hubung antar klausa. Misalnya untuk Learn the complex sentence showing concessive relationship. Example: Although . After gain professional experience he is often appointed to marketing and.
Kapan sepupu Anda lulus ITB? When did your cousin graduate from ITB? Apa penyebab semua masalah itu? What was the cause of the whole trouble? Siapa yang bertanggung jawab di sini? Who is in charge here?
Berapa harga sekilo ikan teri di pasar? How much does 1 kilo of anchovies cost in the market? Mengapa nasibku begini merana? Why is my fate this miserable? Bagaimana mungkin menyelesaikan tugas sebanyak ini dalam seminggu? How is it possible to finish task as much as this in a week? Klab bola mana yang Anda dukung? Which football club that you support? Where have you been? Where is my favorit chair? I will sell the house which I bought last year. Saya akan menjual rumah yang mana saya beli tahun lalu.
Saya akan menjual rumah yang saya beli tahun lalu. There is no whom like in English. Ordinal Number Bilangan OrdinalOrdinal number starts with ke- followed by its cardinal number. Se- is a prefix that stands for one. Sejuta is as same as satu juta. Ke- also means collection. If we do not know how many things are, we will use kata bilangan tak tentu.
The following words, except sejumlah, also used for uncounted noun. Some students protested the deans policy. Di daerah pedesaan masih banyak perumahan tradisional. In rural area, there are a lot of traditional house. Tambahkan sedikit garam jika suka. Add a little salt as you like. Sedikit banyak saya memahami masalah itu.
More or less I understand that problem. Sekitar seratus warga negara Indonesia mendatangi ketiga tempat pemungutan suara di Sanaa pada Pemilihan Presiden Kedua bulan Agustus tadi. Jumlah ini jauh lebih banyak dibanding Pemilihan Presiden Pertama. Around a hundred Indonesian citizen came over the three voting sites at Sanaa on the second Precidential Election last August. The number is bigger compared to that on the First Precidential Election. Noun adjective Dark Saturday night.
Malam Minggu is the thing being explained diterangkan. Kelabu explains menerangkan malam Minggu. Notice that the English translation has different pattern, MD. Saya memakai sepatu baru. I wear new shoes. Gedung-gedung tinggi menghiasi sepanjang Jalan Thamrin. The tall buildings decorates alongside of Thamrin Street. Note not to repeat plural form like this: No lexical meaning Comparison Perbandingan There is no change in adjective form for comparison.
We only need to add lebih for more, and add paling or prefix ter- for the most before an adjective. If Ali is cm tall, Budi is cm tall, Cici is cm tall, and Bambang is cm, then: Ali lebih tinggi daripada Budi. Cici lebih pendek dari Budi. Ali paling tinggi di antara mereka.
Ali is taller than Budi. Cici is shorter than Budi. Ali is the tallest among the three. Budi dan Bambang sama tinggi. Budi is as tall as Bambang. If we know, in fact, Ali is the tallest in the class, we can say: Ali paling tinggi di kelas. Ali tertinggi di kelas. Mereka mengerjakan ujian dengan baik. They do their tests well. Saya selekasnya berlari secepat-cepatnya. Soon I run as fast as possible.
In the second example, selekasnya and secepat-cepatnya are both adverbs. Keterangan in sentence pattern covers a wide range of function. Beside how-to, it can also explain time, place, tool, and cause. It can be formed by noun. Rather than 1 word, it is usually formed by nominal phrase and prepositional phrase. Dosen saya sudah pergi kemarin. My lecturer has left yesterday. Kemarin is keterangan in sentence pattern as explanation of time.
We can change it to beberapa hari yang lalu several days ago and it still serves as explanation of time. Dont worry, unless you are going to face an Indonesian national test, or your major at university is Indonesian the confusion between Keterangan in sentence pattern and kata keterangan should be negligible.
Just remember it is much like ly in English. Adjective is dalam deep. Adjective is pelan slow. But, try to scan the table below: In most case, just put dengan in front of the adjective. My sister sleeps soundly. Adikku tidur dengan nyenyak. The Lion King started his story sadly. Sang Singa memulai ceritanya dengan sedih. Taufik hit back fast. Taufik memukul balik dengan cepat.
In Indonesian grammar, kata tugas covers kata depan or preposisi prepositionkata hubung conjugationkata seru interjectionand artikel article. Kata tugas only has grammatical meaning, but no lexical meaning. Therefore, it cant stand by itself. Perjalanan dari Jakarta ke Bandung memakan waktu 3 jam dengan kereta api. Selama perjalanan ia selalu tidur sejak kereta meninggalkan stasiun Jatinegara, dan baru bangun menjelang kereta memasuki stasiun Bandung. Oleh sebab itu waktu tiga jam bagaikan tidak ada artinya baginya.
Menurutnya tidur lebih baik daripada melamun sepanjang jalan. Pada saat ia meninggalkan kereta menuju rumahnya, tubuhnya akan terasa segar. Travel time from Jakarta to Bandung takes about 3 hours using the train.
During the journey, he always sleeps since the train has left Jatinegara Station, and wakes up a moment before the train has entered Bandung Station.
Thats why, 3 hours is like nothing for him. According to him, sleeping is better rather than daydreaming along the journey. By the time he has left the train going to his abode, he will feel well. By grammar, there are three types of conjugations: Konjugasi Subordinatif Subordinative conjugation used in kalimat majemuk bertingkat kalimat majemuk where one pattern is higher than the other s 2. Konjugasi Koordinatif Coordinative conjugation used in kalimat majemuk setara kalimat majemuk where all pattern at the same level 3.
Konjugasi Korelatif Correlative conjugation used in any of sentence types above However, stop worrying about the grammars jargon. Lets go straight to the mapping. Jika, kalau, jikalau, asal kanbila, manakala Assumption, wish, or example related: Andaikan, seandainya, umpamanya, sekiranya Aim related: Agar, biar, supaya Concessive related: Biarpun, meskipun, sekalipun, walau punsungguhpun, kendati pun Similarity related: Seakan-akan, seolah-olah, sebagaimana, seperti, sebagai, laksana Cause related: Sebab, oleh karena Result related: Bahwa How to related: English mapping And Or But, however - after - before - since - when - while - during, as long as - untilIf, provided that Example, wish sentence In order to, so that Eventhough, though, despite Like, as, seem Because So that, until, thats why, resulted in That By, with, using19Dengan Tidak hanya, tetapi juga Tidak hanya, bahkan bukannya, melainkan bukannya, malah Makin makin.
Jangankan, pun Baik maupun apa kah atau entah entah Demikian rupa sehinggaNot only, but also Instead of Comparison like in example: The sooner is the better.
Bahasa Inggris bahasa inggris
Either pattern So thatExample: Dia mengetuk-ngetuk pintu dan memanggil-manggil, tetapi tidak ada yang menjawab karena sedang tidak ada orang di rumah. He has been knocking and yelling at the door but nobody answers him as nobody is at home. The sentences are created from 4 sentences: He has been knocking at the door.
He has been yelling at the door. Nobody is at home. Jangankan seribu, sesen pun aku tak punya. As a cent I have not, a thousand rupiahs is out of question. Entah akhir minggu entah hari kerja, dia tidak pernah menjawab teleponnya.
Entah penting entah tidak, dia seakan-akan sudah tidak peduli lagi. Either weekend or weekdays, she never answers her phone. Either it is important or not, she seems care no longer. Bukannya sadar, kelakuannya malah makin mengesalkan. Instead of being aware, his attitude is getting annoying. Makin bertambah hari, makin jelas mana teman sejati mana kepentingan sejati.
The more days have passed, the more clear which are the true friends and which are the true benefit-takers. Saya katakan ini supaya kamu mengerti manakala waktumu tiba kelak.
I tell you this so that you will understand when your time has come someday. Setelah mengemasi buku-bukunya, ia berlari tergesa-gesa sehingga hampir menabrak pintu kelas. After taking his books, he hurriedly run till he almost hit the class door. Setelah itu, saya tidak akan khawatir jika sampai ada musuh Aladin merebut permadani yang asli.
If I had a flying carpet like Alladin in One Thousand and One Nights story, I would learn its model until I could produce its reproduction in a large amount. After that, I would not worry if any enemy of Alladin got the genuine carpet by force. Negative expression strong dislike Negative expression cursing Wondering expressionExample: Duh, bagusnya rumah beratap hijau itu!
Wow, that house with green roof is very pretty! Wah, ada apa ini ramai-ramai? Well, what all noise is about? Wah, cantiknya angsa hitam itu! Wow, that black swan is sure pretty! Nah, itu ibu datang! There, there, mom is here! Argh, my foot is hurt! Halo, bisa bicara dengan Pak Bambang? Hello, may I speak with Mr. Ah, masa iya sih? How could it possible? Ngomong-ngomong, tadi saya bertemu Santi.
By the way, I just run across Santi. Asyik, gaji naik lagi. Great, another new salary raise. Idih, kamu sudah kaya masih hitungan! Argh, despite a rich man you still count on small things! Why isnt she ashamed of herself by dressing like that? Sialan, berani-beraninya dia mempermainkan aku!
Damn her, how could she make fool of me? Lo, Ji, bukannya tahun lalu kamu bilang mau melamar kerja lagi? Last year you said you would apply for new job, didnt you, Ji? There are three types of article: They are not extensively used. While sang is used for a respected thing. When sang is found before an animals name, the speaker is doing a fable. Si is neutral, can be used for animal or person.
Usually used in conversation. Hai, sang kodok, mengapa kamu memanggil-manggil sang hujan? Toad, why are you calling Mr.
Bahasa Inggris bahasa inggris
Para undangan dipersilakan duduk kembali. The invitees may sit back. Siapa bilang si Budi sakit? Si pembawa berita mengada-ada saja. Says who Budi is sick? The news spreader just made it up. There are about more than well known proverbs.
The following are some examples: No Proverb Cabik-cabik bulu ayam Tak ada rotan, akar pun jadi Menepuk air di dulang, terpecik ke muka sendiri Ada gula ada semut Besar pasak daripada tiang Kalah bisa karena biasa Berakit-rakit ke hulu, berenang-renang ke tepian. Bersakit-sakit dahulu, bersenang-senang kemudian. Anjing menggonggong, kafilah berlalu. Tong kosong nyaring bunyinya. Seperti buah simalakama, dimakan ibu mati, tak dimakan bapak mati.
Air cucuran atap jatuhnya ke pelimbahan juga. Buruk muka, cermin dibelah. Sedikit demi sedikit, lama-lama jadi bukit. Sedia paying sebelum hujan. Menari di atas bangkai. Orang makan nangka, awak kena getahnya. Sekali merengkuh dayung, dua tiga pulau terlampaui. Sambil menyelam minum air. Ada udang di balik batu. Bergantung pada akar lapuk.
Seperti telur di ujung tanduk. Seperti menegakkan benang basah. Meaning Blood is thicker than water By hook or by crook Despise your family, despise your self.
Class X | Nur Nanuri
People come to wherever the source of wealth is. Spending more than one can afford. Great things have small beginning. Work hard before harvests the result. Ignore others objection, just carry on. Empty vessels make most sound. Be careful to deal with a man of few words. He is wise who speaks a little. A success person forgets how he was before. As between the devil and the deep sea.
Like father like son. A mock to person who does against this English proverb: Dont break the mirror if you see your face is bad. A penny saved is a penny earned. Make hay while the sun shines. Someone who blames others for his fault. A wolf in sheeps clothing.
Doing several things at once. To have an axe to grind. To depend on something undependable. In a very serious situation to fall into trouble. Ada api ada asap. Makan hati berulam jantung.
Kalah jadi abu, menang jadi arang. Ada uang Abang sayang, tak ada uang Abang ditendang. Tuntutlah ilmu hingga ke negeri Cina. Mendengar guntur di langit, air di tempayan dicurahkan. At last, the day of the ball came, and away went the sisters to it. Cinderella could not help crying after they had left.
Magically, the fairy godmother changed a pumpkin into a fine coach and mice into a coachman and two footmen. Then she gave her a pair of pretty glass slippers.
Then away she drove in her beautiful coach. Cinderella was having a wonderfully good time. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve, she ran toward the door as quickly as she could. In her hurry, one of her glass slipper was left behind. Her step sisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. Finally, she was driven to the palace.
They were married and live happily ever after. Orientation actually exists in every text type though it has different term. In this story, the first paragraph is clearly seen to introduce the participants of the Cinderella Story.
They were Cinderella her self as the main character of the story, her step mother which treated Cinderella badly, and her steps sister which supported her mother to make Cinderella was treated very badly. Cinderella was introduced as a hero in this story. She struggled against the bad treatment from her step mother and sisters. If there is not the crisis, the story is not a narrative text. In a long story, the complication appears in several situations. It means that some time there is more then one complication.
In this Cinderella story, we can see clearly that there are Major Complication and Minor Complication. The second paragraph is the major complication of this Cinderella story. Cinderella got bad treatment from her stepmother.
It is the bad crisis which drives into several minor complications which Cinderella has to overcome. The resolution can be good or bad. The point is that it has been accomplished by the characters. Like complication, there are Major Resolution and Minor Resolution. In the last paragraph, it is said that finally Cinderella lived happily. It is the happy resolution of the bad treatment. She planned to eat them both. Each night the children cried and begged the witch to let them go.
Meanwhile, at home, their stepmother was beginning to wish she had never tried to get rid of the children. Many hours later, when her feet were tired from walking and her lips were dry from thirst, she came to the cottage belonging to the witch.
The stepmother peeped though the window. Her heart cried out when she saw the two children. She picked up the broom leaning against the door and crept inside. The witch was putting some stew in the oven when the stepmother gave her an almighty push. The witch fell into the oven and the stepmother shut the door.
I have done a dreadful thing. I hope in time you will forgive me. Let me take you home and become a family again. They returned to their home and the stepmother became the best mother anyone could wish to have, and of course they lived happily ever after! The story is about a stepmother who …… a.
When does Najip Ali live?
In what occasion can you see him? What can his life be related to? Discuss the answer wiyh your friends. The secretary checked the spelling before sending the book to the publish.
I want to be the first to congratulation on your success. If it rains, we had to cancel the parade scheduled for today. Rizwar did not win the competition because he had sung the songs wonderfully. It is amazed that those children can perform the play on the stage well. The beautifully dance has been performance by the art students.
Computerized word processing so much fastest than typing on a typewriter. The M supermarket annual sell is held the first two weeks in December every years. Read the following teks, thean answer the questions underneath! According to dentist, the most important part of tooth care happens at home. Brushing and flossing properly, along with regular dental check-ups, can help prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Giving Plaque the Brush-Off. To prevent cavities you need to remove plaque, the transparent layer of bacteria that coats the teeth, by brushing your teeth twice a day.
Brushing also stimulates the gums, which help to keep them healty and prevent gum disease. Brushing — along — with flossing — is the mist important thing that you can do to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Did you know that tootbrush was invented by the Chinese in 1, AD? We now have lots of choises in toothbrushes, including different size, shapes, types of bristles and colors. Your dentist will tell you which toothbrush in the right size and shape for you.
Most often, however, dentists recommend a soft-bristled brush to minimize damage to teeth and gums. Tooth pastes contain abrasives, detergents, and foaming agents. Fluoride, the most common active ingredient in toothpaste, is what prevent cavities. So, you should always be sure your toothpaste contains this ingredient. About one in 10 people has a tendency to accumulate tartar another word for plaque quickly. Using tooth pastes and mouthwashes, as well as spending axtra time brushing the teeth near the salivary glands the inside of the lower front teeth and the outside of the upper back teethmay slow the development of new tartar.
If you have teeth that are sensitive to heat, cold and pressure, you may want to try a special tooth paste for sensitive teeth. What are the benefits of brushing and flossing teeth? How can cavities be prevented? What is the maning of plaque?
When was tooth-waste found? What ingredients does tooth-waste contain? What do dentists suggest in order to minimize damage to teeth and gums? What will you do when yor teeth are too sensitive in terms of toothpaste? Read the following text and answer the question below. Dentist Can Help You to Brush Up on Baby Care As many as 20 percent of children have cavities by the age of 3, and those cavities might be avoided with early checkups.
Children are to see their dentist by the age of 1 but many parents do not bring children in for their first checkup until age 2 or 3.