Tiers of Government in Nigeria
Revenue Allocation Among The Three Tiers Of Government In Nigeria the problem of how to allocate revenue to different tiers of government in relation to the. ommag.info News ☆ People of Nigeria need to know more about their government! Learn about the ☝ RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE THREE. In , local governments became recognized as the third tier of government .. “Fiscal relations among the various tiers of government in Nigeria”, in Fiscal.
Also, the federal government determines how the local government share of the federation accounts is shared out to them.
Revenue Allocation Among The Three Tiers Of Government In Nigeria | Free Essays - ommag.info
Additionally, the federal government can give specific grants to local governments for specific services. The federal government also has the power to know how the money it paid to the local government is spent. The state and federal government can execute certain functions on community development through or jointly with local governments. The state government can institute an inquiry into the operation of the local government.
It can punish offenders, it can dissolve the council and appoint a caretaker council until an election is conducted. The state government approves the estimate, bye-laws and major programmes of the local government before they are implemented. The state government provides inspectors who visit local governments regularly to inspect their operations.
They look into their income and expenditure and other records and offer advice to the local government officials. The state government auditors audit the account of the local government annually. The state government provides rules which guide local government staff. It provides the local government with financial memorandum. The state government also regulates and controls the appointment of certain professionals working with local governments like medical officers, etc.
Often times, the relationship of the three tiers of government is a talking point based on the revenue sharing formula that allocates resources from the Federation Account amongst the three tiers of government—currently The FRN is composed of 36 states that share sovereignty with the Federal Government and 1 federal territory administered solely by the Federal Government.
Also, the Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: The Executive Arm The executive arm is better explained within the context of the presidency. Generally, politics in Nigeria takes place within the framework of a federal, presidential, representative democratic republic, in which executive power is exercised by the government.
The President of the Country serves as the head of the Federal Executive Council which is also known as the cabinet. The executive branch is divided into Federal Ministries, each headed by a minister appointed by the president.
The president must include at least one member from each of the 36 states in his cabinet. In some cases, a federal minister is responsible for more than one ministry for example, Environment and Housing may be combinedor a minister may be assisted by one or more ministers of State. Each ministry also has a Permanent Secretary, who is a senior civil servant.
The ministries are responsible for various parastatals government-owned corporationssuch as universities, the National Broadcasting Commission, and the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
It has members, who are elected for four-year terms in single-seat constituencies. On the other hand, the Senate has members and it is presided over by the President of the Senate. One member is selected in the single-seat constituency of the federal capital.
- Revenue Allocation Among The Three Tiers Of Government In Nigeria
List of Nigerian Governors C. The National Judicial Council serves as an independent executive body that protects the judiciary from the executive arm of government. The Supreme Court is presided over by the Chief Justice of Nigeria and thirteen associate justices, who are appointed by the President of Nigeria on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council.
These justices are subject to confirmation by the Senate. State Government We can understand what the State Government is by defining what a state is. A state is defined as a group of people permanently occupying a fixed territory and bound together by common habits and custom into one political body. In Nigeria, states enjoy a level of sovereignty, but this sovereignty is within the constraints of the Federal Government as provided for by the constitution.
Relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria
Each state in Nigeria has its own capital city and it is governed by an elected official known as a governor who serves a maximum of two 4 year tenures maximum of 8 years.
Just like the federal government, the state government has its executive, legislative and judicial arms. Here are some of the roles the State Government plays in the country. Security of Lives and Properties The state government plays an important role in the security of lives and properties along with other levels of government. Provision of Basic Amenities Also, the state government is responsible for providing amenities such as good roads and potable drinking water for the people.
Although amenities like electricity are the sole responsibility of the Federal Government, the state government can also complement the efforts of the government at the federal level to provide these amenities by embarking on rural electrification projects. In some cases, some state governments purchase transformers, electric poles and cables in order to assist the distribution companies to extend electricity supply to the people.
Each of the tiers has a type of an important list. There are three types: The exclusive list can be considered as a symbol of power. The concurrent list belongs to the federal and state governments. The residual belongs to the states. The "power sharing" means that even though there are certain lists that belong to each tier, the responsibilities can be shifted among them in order to get better results.
For example, even though primary education is in the list of the state government, other tiers can take it up when needed. The power sharing relationship between the tiers means more productivity which is a great thing for the country, if you ask us.
Relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria ▷ ommag.info
However, it leads to another area of cooperation. Revenue sharing or allocation This means that there are taxes that are collected by one tier of government on behalf of another.
It mostly occurs when the power and responsibilities for certain areas are shifted between tiers, like during the "power sharing" times. It is common to have revenue sharing or allocation between the federal government and one of the other tiers. It means that they are only responsible for issues on the local level. It is also known that the federal government is empowered by the Constitution and can have a significant impact on local government matters.
The big impact of the federal government on the local government matters was the cause of dispute between many Nigerians. In the last few years, there were some issues in the relationship between the local and federal governments. And there are still issues!