(cohabitation is living together in a sexually intimate relationship without the legal to Murstein, couples generally proceed through three stages- the stimulus. Stimulus-. Value-Role Theory suggests that couples progress through three stages in mate selection. In the stimulus stage, the potential mates perceive. on the “stimulus” stage where people attend to stimulus information—the most salient variation in couple similarity associated with relationship satisfaction?.
In wheel theory the process goes from finding rapport to self-revelation to mutual dependency to intimacy need fulfillment. Each of these steps are connected and feeds into the next.
A final theory, called stimulus-value-role theory, was proposed by sociologist Bernard Murstein. Bernard Murstein Murstein, like the other theorists, was conducting research with people in order to determine how they became couples. His observations led him to the believe that people did use filters, but that relegates the selection to one person or the other.
He believed that there was a mutual selection happening. He also observed that the stages were distinct and did not interrelate as is the case with wheel theory. He made another discovery also.
He found that not only do these stages relate to how people select a life partner, they relate to all relationships no matter what they are.
Stimulus-Value-Role Theory Like the other theories, stimulus-value-role theory is a sequence of events that occur leading to a true relationship. A true relationship is one that is mutually beneficial in some respect.
To form this type of relationship, the individuals follow a pattern: This is the shallow stage in which the other person is evaluated based on physical attributes. A man or woman sees the other person as attractive, a boss looks at an employee and believes they have the strength characteristics to do the job. Now the evaluation moves a little deeper.
What attitudes does the other individual have toward values you feel are important? In this stage, partners start disclosing extremely personal information to one another, they develop nicknames for each other, and often talk using the word "we. It is at this stage when couples move from saying "I really like you" to "I really love you.
Partners are highly attracted to each other and they find themselves thinking about each other all the time. They often idealize each other, even finding flaws in the other person particularly attractive e.
Stimulus-Value-Role Theory: Definition & Model
The fourth stage in Knapp and Vangelisti's model is called the integrating stage. This is the time when the two individuals become a couple. They emphasize to themselves, and others, how much they share in common—they are certain that they share similar attitudes, interests, and opinions. Their network of friends begins to merge and they often develop friendships with other couples. They start sharing property: The CD player is no longer "mine" but is now "ours. If all goes well, at some point, couples move to the fifth, and final, stage of relationship development, that of bonding.
The bonding stage is marked by a public ritual, typically marriage. Couples' willingness to engage in this sort of public commitment signifies their desire to obtain social and sometimes even institutional support for their relationship.
After bonding, the two people are publicly tied to one another. Obviously, the five-stage model offered by Knapp and Vangelisti simplifies what is a very complex process. In fact, Knapp and Vangelisti argue that in real life, people in relationships may skip stages, repeatedly move back and forth between stages, or even move backwards from a more advanced stage to one that appears to be less advanced.
Throughout the development of their relationship, couples make decisions about whether to stay at one stage, move forward, or end the relationship. Relationship Initiation - Relationship Openers [next] [back] Relationship Initiation - Theories Of Relationship Initiation Citing this material Please include a link to this page if you have found this material useful for research or writing a related article.
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